The History of Wireless Phone Technology – 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G

When we say ‘wireless phones’ today, we are no longer talking about those cordless, land line, home phone. Instead the term ‘wireless’ pertains to mobile of cellular devices. With this great technology, there are no wires, no cords, no limit (well, just for cellular signals, that is). Cellular signals are sent via radio waves so there is obviously no need for wires and cables for it to operate.

The technology or concept of wireless technology is not recent. In fact, the story of wireless phones are dated way back to the middle of the 20th century. Those are the days mobile phones are bulky and are usually found in cars. Since they are big and huge, they are not considered to be portable handset, although they are mobile they are still not that ‘mobile’.

The first ever wireless phones were used and probably manufactured in Japan as early as 1979. Today, we keep hearing the 4G technology in wireless, during those times, it still 1G generatin.

Right about the same time, in Northern Europe, NMT, or Nordic Mobile Telephone are also developing the same kind of wireless technology in phones. Just like today where Finland is almost synonymous with a popular cellphone brand, it was NMT in Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland where the first wireless phones were used in the Northern are of Europe.

A few years later, America made their scene in the wireless phone technology with Motorola mobiles. Their first cellular or mobile phones were used in 1983.

After America, the rest of the world followed suit – Mexico, United Kingdom, Canada etc.

Then in 1991, the second generation of wireless telephony started. Second generation, commonly known then as 2G, and it was introduced this time by Finland.

It was during this time that the GSM standard or technology was used. With GSM, new type of competition emerge between the wireless company giants with each providing their own great services.

Written by